war or other national emergency declared by the Congress, the President may extend such tour of duty.
Section 6. The State shall establish and maintain one police force, which shall be national in scope and civilian
in character, to be administered and controlled by a national police commission. The authority of local executives
over the police units in their jurisdiction shall be provided by law.
Section 7. The State shall provide immediate and adequate care, benefits, and other forms of assistance to war
veterans and veterans of military campaigns, their surviving spouses and orphans. Funds shall be provided
therefor and due consideration shall be given them in the disposition of agricultural lands of the public domain
and, in appropriate cases, in the utilization of natural resources.
Section 8. The State shall, from time to time, review to increase the pensions and other benefits due to retirees
of both the government and the private sectors.
Section 9. The State shall protect consumers from trade malpractices and from substandard or hazardous
products.
Section 10. The State shall provide the policy environment for the full development of Filipino capability and the
emergence of communication structures suitable to the needs and aspirations of the nation and the balanced
flow of information into, out of, and across the country, in accordance with a policy that respects the freedom of
speech and of the press.
Section 11. (1) The ownership and management of mass media shall be limited to citizens of the Philippines, or
to corporations, cooperatives or associations, wholly-owned and managed by such citizens.
The Congress shall regulate or prohibit monopolies in commercial mass media when the public interest so
requires. No combinations in restraint of trade or unfair competition therein shall be allowed.
(2) The advertising industry is impressed with public interest, and shall be regulated by law for the protection of
consumers and the promotion of the general welfare.
Only Filipino citizens or corporations or associations at least seventy per centum of the capital of which is owned
by such citizens shall be allowed to engage in the advertising industry.
The participation of foreign investors in the governing body of entities in such industry shall be limited to their
proportionate share in the capital thereof, and all the executive and managing officers of such entities must be
citizens of the Philippines.
Section 12. The Congress may create a consultative body to advise the President on policies affecting
indigenous cultural communities, the majority of the members of which shall come from such communities.

ARTICLE XVII
Amendments or Revisions
Section 1. Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution may be proposed by:
(1) The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members; or
(2) A constitutional convention.
Section 2. Amendments to this Constitution may likewise be directly proposed by the people through initiative
upon a petition of at least twelve per centum of the total number of registered voters, of which every legislative
district must be represented by at least three per centum of the registered votes therein. No amendment under
this section shall be authorized within five years following the ratification of this Constitution nor oftener than
once every five years thereafter.
The Congress shall provide for the implementation of the exercise of this right.
Section 3. The Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of all its Members, call a constitutional convention, or by a
majority vote of all its Members, submit to the electorate the question of calling such a convention.
Section 4. Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution under Section 1 hereof shall be valid when ratified
by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite which shall be held not earlier than sixty days nor later than ninety
days after the approval of such amendment or revision.
Any amendment under Section 2 hereof shall be valid when ratified by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite
which shall be held not earlier than sixty days nor later than ninety days after the certification by the Commission
on Elections of the sufficiency of the petition.

ARTICLE XVIII
Transistory Provisions
Section 1. The first elections of Members of the Congress under this Constitution shall be held on the second
Monday of May, 1987.
The first local elections shall be held on a date to be determined by the President, which may simultaneous with
the election of the Members of the Congress. It shall include the election of all Members of the city or municipal
councils in the Metropolitan Manila area.
Section 2. The Senators, Members of the House of Representatives, and the local officials first elected under
this Constitution shall serve until noon of June 30, 1992.
Of the Senators elected in the election in 1992, the first twelve obtaining the highest number of votes shall serve
for six years and the remaining twelve for three years.
Section 3. All existing laws, decrees, executive orders, proclamations, letters of instructions, and other executive
issuances not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative until amended, repealed, or revoked.
Section 4. All existing treaties or international agreements which have not been ratified shall not be renewed or
extended without the concurrence of at least two-thirds of all the Members of the Senate.
Section 5. The six-year term of the incumbent President and Vice-President elected in the February 7, 1986
election is, for purposes of synchronization of elections, hereby extended to noon of June 30, 1992.
The first regular elections for the President and Vice-President under this Constitution shall be held on the
second Monday of May, 1992.
Section 6. The incumbent President shall continue to exercise legislative powers until the first Congress is
convened.
Section 7. Until a law is passed, the President may fill by appointment from a list of nominees by the respective
sectors the seats reserved for sectoral representation in paragraph (2), Section 5 of Article V1 of this
Constitution.
Section 8. Until otherwise provided by the Congress, the President may constitute the Metropolitan Authority to
be composed of the heads of all local government units comprising the Metropolitan Manila area.
Section 9. A sub-province shall continue to exist and operate until it is converted into a regular province or until
its component municipalities are reverted to the mother province.
Section 10. All courts existing at the time of the ratification of this Constitution shall continue to exercise their
jurisdiction, until otherwise provided by law. The provisions of the existing Rules of Court, judiciary acts, and
procedural laws not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative unless amended or repealed by the
Supreme Court or the Congress.
Section 11. The incumbent Members of the Judiciary shall continue in office until they reach the age of seventy
years or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office or are removed for cause.
Section 12. The Supreme Court shall, within one year after the ratification of this Constitution, adopt a
systematic plan to expedite the decision or resolution of cases or matters pending in the Supreme Court or the
lower courts prior to the effectivity of this Constitution. A similar plan shall be adopted for all special courts and
quasi-judicial bodies.
Section 13. The legal effect of the lapse, before the ratification of this Constitution, of the applicable period for
the decision or resolution of the cases or matters submitted for adjudication by the courts, shall be determined by
the Supreme Court as soon as practicable.
Section 14. The provisions of paragraphs (3) and (4), Section 15 of Article VIII of this Constitution shall apply to
cases or matters filed before the ratification of this Constitution, when the applicable period lapses after such
ratification.