Section 9, Article XII of the Philippine Constitution provides that: “Congress may establish an independent economic and planning agency headed by the President, which shall, after consultation with the appropriate public agencies, various private sectors, and local government units, recommend to Congress, and implement continuing integrated and coordinated programs and policies for national development.” The same Section of the Constitution further states that “until the Congress provides otherwise, the National Economic and Development Authority shall function as the independent planning agency of the government.” Thus, the NEDA, as reorganized under Executive Order No. 230 dated 22 July 1987, serves as the independent planning agency of the government.