ARTICLE XII
Urban and Rural Planning and Development

Section 1. The Regional Government shall promote and formulate comprehensive and integrated regional urban and rural development policies, plans, programs and projects responsive to the needs, aspirations and values of the people within the Region.

Section 2. Immediately after its organization, the Regional Government shall initiate, formulate and implement special development programs and projects, responsive to the particular aspirations, needs and values of the indigenous cultural communities.

Section 3. The Regional Government shall provide equitable opportunities for the development of every province, city, municipality and barangay within its jurisdiction and shall strengthen their existing planning bodies to ensure wider public participation.

Section 4. Consistent with the Constitution and national policies, and subject to ecological considerations, the Regional Government shall adopt and implement a comprehensive urban land reform and land use program, to ensure the just utilization of lands within its jurisdiction.

Section 5. There is hereby created a Regional Planning and Development Board which shall be composed of all the provincial governors and city mayors, two (2) members of the Regional Assembly to be designated by the Speaker, and such other members as may be prescribed by the Regional Assembly: Provided, That the private sector shall be represented therein.

The Board shall serve as the planning, monitoring and coordinating agency for the Autonomous Region. It shall identify, evaluate, and recommend the annual work programs and comprehensive development plans of the Autonomous Region to the Regional Assembly, to ensure their proper implementation.

The Board shall formulate a Magna Carta for the Development of the Region to serve as the master plan for a systematic, progressive and total development of the Region.

ARTICLE XIII
Economy and Patrimony

Section 1. Consistent with the Constitution and national policies, the Regional Government may enact regional laws pertaining to the national economy and patrimony applicable and responsive to the needs of the Region. However, nothing herein shall be construed as to authorize the Regional Government to require lesser standards respecting the protection, conservation and enhancement of the natural resources than those required by the National Government.

Section 2. Except for strategic minerals such as uranium, coal, petroleum, and other fossil fuels, mineral oils, all sources of potential energy, as well as national reserves and aquatic parks, forest and watershed reservations as may be delimited by national law, the control and supervision over the exploration, utilization and development of the natural resources of the Autonomous Region is hereby delegated to the Regional Government in accordance with the Constitution and national laws.

The Regional Assembly shall have the authority to grant franchises and concessions but the Regional Governor may, by regional law, be authorized to grant leases, permits and licenses: Provided, That, any lease, permit, franchise or concession shall cover an area not exceeding the limits allowed by the Constitution and shall subsist for a period not exceeding twenty-five (25) years; Provided, further, That existing leases, permits, licenses, franchises and concessions shall be respected until their expiration unless legally terminated as provided by law; and Provided, finally, That when the natural resources are located within the ancestral domain, the permit, license, franchise or concession, shall be approved by the Regional Assembly after consultation with the cultural community concerned.

Section 3. The exploration, development and utilization of natural resources, except those enumerated in the first paragraph of Section 2 hereof, shall be allowed to all Filipinos and to private enterprises, including corporations, associations, cooperatives, and such other similar collective organizations with at least sixty percent (60%) of their capital investment or capital stocks directly controlled or owned by Filipinos who are preferably residents of the Region.

Section 4. Small-scale mining shall receive support from and be regulated by the Regional Government, considering ecological balance, the safety and health and the interest of the communities and the miners where such operations are conducted.

Section 5. The Regional Government may, in the interest of regional welfare and security, establish and operate pioneering utilities. Upon payment of just compensation, it may transfer the ownership of such utilities to cooperatives or other collective organizations.

Section 6. The Regional Government may, in times of regional emergency declared by the President, when the public interest so requires and under reasonable terms and safeguards prescribed by the Regional Assembly, temporarily take over or direct the operation of any privately-owned public utility or business affected with public interest.

Section 7. The Regional Assembly shall enact laws for the just compensation, rehabilitation, relocation, and other similar measures of inhabitants adversely affected in the harnessing of natural and mineral resources in the Region.

The Regional Assembly shall likewise provide for the rehabilitation of the areas affected by said harnessing of natural and mineral resources in the Region.

Section 8. The Regional Government shall actively and immediately pursue reforestation measures to ensure that at least fifty (50%) of the land surface of the Autonomous Region shall be covered with trees, giving priority to land strips along eighteen percent (18%) in slope or over by providing infrastructure, financial and technical support to upland communities especially the Lumads or tribal peoples.

Section 9. The Regional Government shall prohibit the use, importation, deposit, disposal and dumping of toxic or hazardous substances within the Autonomous Region.

Section 10. The Regional Government shall adopt policies to promote profit sharing and broaden the base of ownership of business enterprises.

Section 11. The Regional Government shall provide incentives, including tax holidays, for investors in businesses that will contribute to the development of the Region.

It shall provide the same incentives to all companies doing business in the Region which reinvest at least fifty percent (50%) of their net profits therein, and to all cooperatives which reinvest at least ten percent (10%) of their surplus into socially-oriented projects in the Region.

Section 12. The Regional Government shall give priority to the establishment of transportation and communication facilities for the economic development of the region.

Section 13. In the delivery of power services, priority shall be given to provinces in the area of autonomy which do not have direct access to such services.

Section 14. The Regional Government is hereby empowered to create pioneering firms and other business entities needed to boost economic development in the Region.

Agriculture, Fisheries and Aquatic Resources

Section 15. The Regional Government shall recognize, promote and protect the rights and welfare of farmers, farmworkers, fishermen and fishworkers, as well as farmers, and fishworkers' cooperatives and associations.

Section 16. The Regional Government shall encourage agricultural productivity and promote a diversified and organic farming system.

Section 17. The Regional Government shall give top priority to the conservation, protection, utilization and development of soil and water resources for agricultural purposes.