ARTICLE XV
Education, Science and Technology, Arts and Sports

Section 1. The Autonomous Region shall establish, maintain and support a complete and integrated system of quality education and adopt an educational framework that is meaningful, relevant and responsive to the needs, ideals and aspirations of the people in the Region.

Educational Policies

Section 2. Consistent with the basic State policy on education, the Autonomous Region shall adopt the following educational policies and principles:

(1) Education in the Autonomous Region shall be committed to the total spiritual, intellectual, social, cultural, scientific and physical development of man, thus making him a God-fearing, peace-loving, and work-oriented citizen of the nation;

(2) All schools in the Autonomous Region shall inculcate patriotism and nationalism, appreciation of the role of national and regional heroes in the historical development of the country and region, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, and shall teach the rights and duties of citizenship, and the cultures of the Muslims, Christians, and tribal peoples in the Region to develop, promote and enhance unity in diversity;

(3) The thrust, programs and administration of vocational, non-formal and special education shall be supported and made relevant to the manpower needs of the Region;

(4) A system of scholarship programs, grants, student loans, subsidies and other incentives shall be made available to all poor but deserving students;

(5) The active participation of the home, community, religious organizations and other sectors in the total educative process of the child shall be encouraged and supported;

(6) (a) A regional language may be evolved and developed from the different dialects in the Region.

(b) Filipino and English shall be the media of instruction in all schools in the Region. Major languages of the Region shall be auxiliary media of instruction.

(c) The Arabic language shall be a compulsory subject for Muslims and optional for non-Muslims in all schools in the Region;

(7) The education in the Autonomous Region shall develop consciousness and appreciation of one's ethnic identity and shall provide a better understanding of each other's cultural heritage for the attainment of national unity and harmony;

(8) The Regional Government shall recognize the participation of private institutions of learning, including the Madaris (Arabic schools), in providing quality education to the people of the Region; and

(9) Unless otherwise provided by regional law, the Regional Government may implement a four-year primary and a three-year intermediate education; a 2-2 secondary education; and a four-year or more college education in schools within the Region.

Section 3. The regional educational system shall develop curricula that are relevant to the economic, social, political, cultural, moral and spiritual needs of the people in the Region.

Educational Structure

Section 4. The Regional Assembly may, by law, create, support and maintain a Department of Education, Culture and Sports, and shall define its powers, functions and composition.

Section 5. State colleges and universities within the Autonomous Region shall enjoy academic freedom and fiscal autonomy and shall continue to be governed by their respective charters: Provided, That the regional secretary of Education, Culture and Sports shall be a member of the governing boards of state colleges and universities in the Autonomous Region.

Section 6. All state colleges and universities in the Autonomous Region shall assist and support the full development of the people and shall serve as regional centers for tertiary and post graduate education in their respective areas of competence.

Section 7. The Regional Assembly may establish a tribal state university system within the Autonomous Region.

Madrasah Education

Section 8. Accredited madaris in the Autonomous Region shall be supervised by the Department of Education, Culture and Sports.

Section 9. Appropriate regional laws shall be enacted for the strengthening and development of the madrasah educational system in the Autonomous Region.

Science and Technology

Section 10. Science and technology are recognized as essential to national and regional progress and development.

Section 11. The Regional Assembly shall enact laws that shall:

(1) Give priority to science, research, inventions, technology, education, and their development and utilization;

(2) Provide incentives, including tax deductions and funding assistance, and encourage private participation in basic and applied scientific researches;

(3) Regulate the transfer and promote the adoption of technology from all sources for regional benefit;

(4) Secure and protect the exclusive rights of scientists, inventors, scholars, writers, artists and other gifted citizens to their intellectual properties; and

(5) Introduce the full and effective participation of all sectors in the planning, programming, coordination and implementation of scientific and technological researches and the acquisition, adoption, innovation and application of science and technology for development.