Section 123. The Regional Government shall, consistent with the Constitution and national laws, exercise legislative powers over regional educational policies and preservation of the cultural heritage in the autonomous region which shall, among others, include:

  1. Establishment of educational institutions, colleges and universities which shall enjoy fiscal and administrative autonomy but subject to regional laws. Existing educational institutions, colleges and universities shall continue to be governed by their respective charters.

  2. Development of curricular programs relevant to the cultural heritage and responsive to the social, economic, political and moral needs of the people and the autonomous region.

  3. Adoption and enactment of educational policies that shall recognize, support, develop and promote existing indigenous system of learning.

  4. Creation of educational board that will supervise, govern and intervene in the establishment, adoption and implementation of educational policies and programs of both formal and informal education and all schools, colleges and universities in the region.

Section 124. The Regional Government shall ensure the prioritization of budget allocation of five percent (5%) from the annual income of the region to constitute the base of the budget for education.

Section 125. Private educational institutions, colleges and universities shall enjoy the protection and support of the Regional Government. All revenues and assets of non-stock, non-profit educational institutions used actually, directly and exclusively for educational purposes shall be exempt from taxes and duties.

Section 126. The Regional Government shall assist the national government to provide free basic education and shall likewise endeavor to provide free tertiary education through scholarship programs, subsidies, research grants and other incentives to poor, gifted, and deserving individuals. Towards this end, there shall be created a Regional Scholarship Committee for Education.

Section 127. The right of teachers, employees, students and parents to organize themselves and to participate in school policy and decision-making shall be guaranteed.

Section 128. Local government unit-paid teachers shall be jointly supervised, administered and governed by LGU and school heads.

Section 129. The level of compensation and other benefits for regionally-paid government teachers and non-teaching staff of the regional educational system in the region must try to equal than the national standard

Section 130. The educational system in the region shall develop a program, research, instruction and extension that will promote consciousness and appreciation of the ethnic identity of the people in the region and shall provide a better understanding of their cultural heritage for the attainment of national unity and harmony in all levels of education. It shall provide, promote, enhance or adopt a curriculum in all levels that includes Cordillera languages, customs and traditions and other indigenous knowledge systems and practices, as may be applicable.

Section 131. State colleges and universities.

  1. State colleges and universities in the region shall form part of the regional educational sub-system of the autonomous region and shall continue to enjoy fiscal and institutional autonomy, continue to be governed by their respective charters and enjoy support of the Regional Government.

  2. The Regional Government shall be represented in the board of regents or trustees in state universities and colleges in the region.

  3. The budget of state colleges and universities in the region while prepared separately shall form part the budget of the Regional Government when presented to congress for approval. The state colleges and universities shall continue to receive funding from the national government while the Regional Government shall provide additional funding.

  4. The Regional Government shall capacitate state colleges and universities in order to provide assistance to regional development.

Section 132. Subject to the general supervision of the Regional Government, all schools with charters shall continue to be governed by their respective charters.

Section 133. The management of scientific and indigenous research and appropriate technology on all levels of education including research institutions shall be given priority by the Regional Government.

Section 134. Incentives and safeguards for intellectual property rights, and assistance in the registration of patents and copyrights shall be accorded to Cordillera artists, writers, scientists, researchers and inventors.

Section 135. The Regional Government shall retain English and Filipino as a medium of instruction in all levels of education. Consistent with its regional and cultural identity, and whenever possible, it shall adopt a system of multi-lingual or mother tongue-based approach in basic education to strengthen and enrich the various languages and dialects in the region as well as the national language as maybe appropriate.

Section 136. The Regional Government shall design and implement region-wide physical fitness, sports development programs, and indigenous games and sports which shall be a cooperative responsibility of the school, the community, and the government.

Section 137. The Regional Government shall establish a Regional Research Coordinating Council, which shall harmonize the research and development efforts of the academe and research institutions in the region.